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About Vadodara

Vadodara

 

 

 

 

Metropolitan City
Nyay Mandir in the heart of Vadodara
Nyay Mandir in the heart of Vadodara
Nickname(s): Sayaji Nagari (Town of Sayajirao Gaekwad), Sanskari Nagari (Cultural City)
Vadodara is located in Gujarat


 

 

 

 

 

History

 

 

The first recorded history of the city is that of the early trader settlers who settled in the region in 812 AD. The province was mainly Hindu-dominated with Hindu kings ruling until 1297. The Gupta Empire was the first power in the region in the early years of the Christian Era. After fierce battles, the region was taken over by the Chalukya Dynasty. Finally, the kingdom was annexed by the Solanki dynasty. By this time Muslim rule had spread across India, and the reins of power were then snatched by the Delhi Sultans. The city was ruled for a long time by these Sultans, until they were overthrown by the Mughals. The Mughals biggest problem were the Marathas who eventually took over the region. It became the capital of the Maratha Gaekwads.

Sayajirao Gaekwad III (1875–1939) made many public and bureaucratic improvements in the region. Although the British had a major influence on the region, Baroda remained a princely state until Independence. Like many other princely states, Baroda also joined theDominion of India in 1947.


 

 

 

 

Religions and Festivals


DiwaliUttarayanaHoliEidGudi Padwa and Ganesh Chaturthi are celebrated with great fervour.

Navratri or Garba is the city's largest festival, with song, dance and lights during every October. Many of the residents spend their evenings at their local Garba grounds where local musicians play traditional music while people dance the Raas and Garbadances.[citation needed] Even many from various parts of India and from outside India come here to enjoy this festivals with great excitement and enthusiasm.

Apart from this, Ganesh Chaturthi and Uttarayan are also celebrated with great zeal. In Ganesh Chaturthi, there are many Ganesh pandals arranged at the streets of the city. These are kept for seven days or ten days and then the idol of Ganesha is immersed at various water bodies in the city and majority of them are immersed at Sursagar Lake. People also have these idols placed at their home for five, seven or ten days and many of them use eco friendly ways to immerse these idols made of soil, by placing a water tub outside their house and then the water mixed with soil is then used in garden.

Uttarayan is a festival of kites, musics and "tilgud" in the city. At night the sky is full of light with crackers, kandils and fire balloons. This is indeed very amazing site to be seen in the city. The Marathi women here also perform "Haldi Kumku".

The most followed religion in the city is Hinduism, practised by 85% of the population. The second most followed religion is Islam, followed by 12% of the population. All other religious groups make up the remaining 4% of the city's population.

There was also a small Jewish community mainly made of the Bene Israel of India but also some other Jewish groups including European Jews, all of whom left during the 1940s and '50s, mainly to the state of Israel.

 

 

 

 

 

Places of interest

 


  • PalacesLaxmi Vilas Palace, Nazarbaug Palace, Makarpura Palace, Pratap Vilas Palace (now occupied by Railway Staff College)
  • Excursions: Ajwa & Nimeta, Dabhoi, Pavagadh, Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park, Kayavarohan, Dakor, Sankheda

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SOURCE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vadodara

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