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SKR Websites H-37, Housing Board Colony, NGO A Colony Tirunelveli TN 627007
8012844715
Oval Technologies-Web design and development, Retail plus Software developing ovaltech, 33, Distelery road, wcc, nagercoil Tirunelveli TN 629001
7373309789
JAIN GROUPS - JAINUDEEN MARBLES OPP - New Bus Stand - Palayamkottai Tirunelveli TN
9790404777
Bombay Theatre A/C Tirunelveli, TN, India
Pothys Super Store N Car St, Kunnathoor, Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu 627001, India
Vestige Stock Point Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu, India
Police Canteen Water Tank Rd, Palayamkottai, Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu 627002, India
Green Trends Family Salon & Spa Plot No 1, Vijay Towers 1st Floor, Opp Bells School, Shankar Colony, Samathanapuram, Palayamkottai, Tirunelveli - 627002, Tiruchendur Rd, Palayankottai, Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu 627002, India
+91 462 258 3111
Disc asset promoters India ltd 122, New Complex,, West Aavani Moola Veethi, Tenkasi, Tirunelveli, TN 627811, India
+91 99 44 628123
Menaka Card Factory Menaka Card Factory Sanganankulam, Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu, India
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Nellai Overseas. Kovilpatti Reviewed by: Karthikeyan Lot's & lots of education facilities as kind of charity(low of cost)... Excellance carrier Building...

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About Tirunelveli

Tirunelveli

 

 

 

Metropolis
montage image showing temple tower, building and river clockwise
clockwise from top: Nellaippar temple tower, Tamirabarani river and Manonmaniam Sundaranar University .
Tirunelveli is located in Tamil Nadu


 

 

 

 

 

History

granite column with sculpture showing a person with a bow
Sculpted pillar in Nellaiappar Temple (the largest temple in Tirunelveli)

The history of Tirunelveli was researched by Robert Caldwell (1814–91), a Christian missionary who visited the area. Tirunelveli was under the rule of Pandya kings as their secondary capital;Madurai was the empire's primary capital.[The Pandya dynasty in the region dates to several centuries before the Christian era from inscriptions by Ashoka (304–232 BCE) and mention in theMahavamsa, the Brihat-Samhita and the writings of Megasthenes (350–290 CE). The province came under the rule of Cholas under Rajendra Chola I in 1064 CE; however, it is unclear whether he conquered the region or obtained it voluntarily.Tirunelveli remained under control of the Cholas until the early 13th century, when the second Pandyan empire was established with Madurai as its capital.

The Nellaiappar temple was the royal shrine of the later Pandyas during the 13th and 14th centuries, and the city benefited from dams constructed with royal patronage during the period. After the death of Kulasekara Pandian (1268–1308), the region was occupied by Vijayangara rulers and Marava chieftains (palayakarars, or poligars) during the 16th century. The Maravars occupied the western foothills and the Telugas, and the Kannadigas settled in the black-soil-rich eastern portion. Tirunelveli was the subsidiary capital of the Madurai Nayaks;under Viswanatha Nayak (1529–64), the city was rebuilt about 1560. Inscriptions from the Nellaiappar temple indicate generous contributions to the temple.Nayak rule ended in 1736, and the region was captured by Chanda Sahib (1740–1754), Arcot Nawab andMuhammed Yusuf Khan (1725–1764) during the mid-18th century.

In 1743 Nizam-ul-mulk, lieutenant of the Deccan Plateau, displaced most of the Marathas from the region and Tirunelveli came under the rule of the Nawabs of Arcot. The original power lay in the hands of the polygars, who were originally military chiefs of the Nayaks. The city was the chief commercial town during the Nawab and Nayak era. The city was known as Nellai Cheemai, with Cheemai meaning "a developed foreign town"The polygars built forts in the hills, had 30,000 troops and waged war among themselves. In 1755, the British government sent a mission under Major Heron and Mahfuz Khan which restored some order and bestowed the city to Mahfuz Khan. The poligars waged war against Mahfuz Khan seven miles from Tirunelveli, but were defeated. The failure of Mahfuz Khan led the East India Company to send Muhammed Yusuf for help. Khan became ruler, rebelled in 1763 and was hanged in 1764. In 1758, British troops under Colonel Fullarton reduced thepolygar stronghold under Veerapandiya Kattabomman. In 1797, the first Polygar war broke out between the British (under Major Bannerman) and the polygars (headed by Kattabomman). Some polygars (such as the head of Ettaiyapuram) aided the British; Kattabomman was defeated and hanged in his home province of Panchalaguruchi. Two years later, another rebellion became known as the Second Polygar War. Panchalankuruchi fell to the British, after stiff resistance. The Carnatic region came under British rule following a treaty with the Nawab of Carnatic.

After acquiring Tirunelveli from the Nawab of Arcot in 1801, the British anglicised its name to "Tinnevelly" and made it the headquarters of Tinnelvelli District. The administrative and military headquarters was located in Palayamkottai (anglicised as "Palankottah"), from which attacks against the polygars were launched. After independence both cities reverted to their original names, and Tirunelveli remained the capital of Tirunelveli district. A separate Thoothukudi district was split off in 1986.

 

 

 

 

 

Culture

Nellaiappar Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to Shiva in the form of Nellaiappar. The deity is revered in the verses ofTevaram, a seventh-century Saiva work by Sambandar. The temple was greatly expanded during the 16th-century Nayak period and has a number of architectural attractions, including musical pillars. The temple has several festivals, the foremost an annual festival when the temple chariot is brought around the streets near the temple. It is one of the Pancha Sabhai temples, the five royal courts of Nataraja (the dancing form of Shiva), where he performed a cosmic dance.The Nataraja shrine in the temple represents copper, and features many copper sculptures. Tirunelveli has its fair share of temples, dating back to ancient times. It also prides itself as being the site where the Nellaiappar Temple is located, the state’s largest Shiva Temple

Tirunelveli is also known for halwa, a sweet made of wheat, sugar and ghee. It originated during the mid-1800s at Lakshmi Vilas Stores, which still exist. The art of sweet-making spread to other parts of Tamil Nadu, such as Nagercoil, Srivilliputhurand Thoothukudi.Tirunelveli halwa was popularised by Irutukadai Halwa, a shop opened in 1900 which sells the sweets only during twilight.

 

 


 
Central Theatre, Tirunelveli

Tirunelveli has a number of cinemas which predominantly play Tamil movies. It is among the 40 cities in India with FM radio stations. Tirunelveli's stations are Tirunelveli Vanoli Nilayam (All India Radio, from the Government of India), Suryan FM (operated by Sun Network on 93.5 MHz) and Hello FM (operated by the Malai Malar Group on 106.4 MHz).

A number of state- and national-level sports events are sponsored in Tirunelveli annually. The VOC grounds (in central Palayamkottai) and the Anna Stadium (on St. Thomas Road) are popular venues in the city, and some events are held at scholastic sports facilities. As in India generally, the most popular sport is cricket. Also popular are football, volleyball, swimming and hockey, played on facilities provided by the Tirunelveli Division of the Sports Development Authority of Tamil Nadu.

The Government Exhibition, an annual event at Exhibition Grounds, attracts thousands of visitors from in and around Tirunelveli. Near the city are regional tourist attractions such as the Manimuthar and Papanasam Dams, the Ariakulam and Koonthakulam Bird Sanctuaries, Manjolai and Upper Kodaiyar.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SOURCE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tirunelveli


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