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About Jaipur

Jaipur

 

 

 

 

Metropolitan City
Clockwise from top: Jal Mahal, Lakshmi-Narayan Temple, Albert Hall Museum, Hawa Mahal, Jantar Mantar
Clockwise from top: Jal Mahal, Lakshmi-Narayan Temple, Albert Hall Museum, Hawa Mahal, Jantar Mantar
Nickname(s): The Pink City
Jaipur is located in Rajasthan


 

 

 

 

 

History

Jai Singh II, the founder of the city ofJaipur.

The city of Jaipur was founded in 1727 by Jai Singh II, the Raja of Amer who ruled from 1688 to 1743. Initially, his capital was Dausa, which lies 51 km from Jaipur. He felt the need of shifting his capital city with the increase in population and growing scarcity of water. The King consulted several books on architecture and architects before making the layout of Jaipur. Finally, under the architectural guidance ofVidyadhar Bhattacharya, (initially an accounts-clerk in the Ambertreasury, later promoted to the office of Chief Architect by the King) Jaipur came into existence on the classical principles of Vastu Shastra and similar classical treatises.

After waging battles with the Marathas, Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II wanted to improve the security aspects of the city. Being a lover of astronomy,mathematics and astrophysics, Jai Singh sought advice from Vidyadhar Bhattacharya, a Brahmin scholar of Bengal, to aid him in designing many buildings, including the Royal Palace in the centre of the city.

The construction of the city started in 1727. It took around four years to complete the major palaces, roads and square. The city was built following the principles of Shilpa Shastra, the science of Indian Architecture. The city was divided into nine blocks, two of which contain the state buildings and palaces, with the remaining seven allotted to the public. Huge fortification walls were built, along with seven strong gates. For the time, architecture is very 1876, during the regime of Sawai Ram Singh, the whole city was painted pink to welcome Edward, Prince of Wales. Today, avenues remain painted in pink, giving Jaipur a distinctive appearance.In the 19th century, the city grew rapidly; by 1900 it had a population of 160,000. The city's wide boulevards were paved and the city had several hospitals. Its chief industries were metals andmarble, fostered by a school of art (named Madarsa Hunree) founded in 1868. The city had three colleges, including aSanskrit college (1865) and a girls' school (1867) initiated under the reign of the enigmatic Maharaja Sawai Ram Singh II. There was a wealthy and enterprising community of native bankers, the Marwaris; and the administrators Rawana rajput.

Maharaja Rishabh Bhawani Singh, a member of the erstwhile Maharaja family of Jaipur, died on 17 April 2011 at a private hospital in Gurgaon following multiple organ failure.

 

 

 

 

 

Tourism

Jaipur is a major tourist destination in India. In the 2008 Conde Nast Traveller Readers Choice Survey, Jaipur was ranked the 7th best place to visit in Asia.

The Presidential Suite at the Raj Palace Hotel, billed at US$45,000 per night, is listed at number 2 on World's 15 most expensive hotel suites complied by CNN Go in 2012.

Visitor attractions include the Hawa MahalJal MahalCity PalaceAmer FortJantar MantarNahargarh FortJaigarh Fort, Sri kali Temple, Sanganeri Gate and the Jaipur Zoo.

 

 

 

 
Jal Mahal, the palace on Man Sagar Lake

 

 

 

 

 
Panoramic view from the hills surrounding Jaipur
 
A Panoramic view of Amer Fort
 
Bright morning vista of the Amer Fort from across the road
 
meeting_place Vidhana Bhavan in Jaipur

Culture

Jaipur has many important cultural sites. Cultural centres like Jawahar Kala Kendra and Ravindra Manch have helped promote the culture of the state of Rajasthan. Albert Hall Museum (Government Central Museum) hosts several arts and antiquities. There is a government museum at Hawa Mahal and an art gallery at Viratnagar. The Town Hall (Old Vidhan Sabha Bhawan) is proposed to be converted into a museum. There are statues depicting Rajasthani culture around the city.

 

 

 

Traditional shops

Not just the monuments but Jaipur has string cultural routes in its shopping habits as well. City offers perfect traditional shops to buy antiques, jewelery, handicrafts, gems, bangles, pottery, carpets, textiles, leather work and metalwork. Jhalaniyon ka Raasta, Thatheron ka Raasta, Khajanewalon ka Raasta, Nehru bazaar, Haldiyon ka Raasta, Mahiharon ka Raasta, Kishanpol bazaar, Tripolia bazaar, Sanganer bazaar, Ramganj bazar, MI road and Johari bazar are such traditional markets.

 

 

 

Arts and crafts

The prior rulers of Jaipur patronised a number of arts and crafts. They invited skilled artisans, artists and craftsmen from India and abroad. The communities settled in the city and made Jaipur their home. As a result, Jaipur is a major hub for arts and crafts. Some of the crafts include bandhani; block printing; stone carving and sculpture; tarkashi; zari, gota, kinari andzardozi; silver jewellery; gems, kundan, meenakari and jewellery; miniature paintings; blue pottery; ivory carving; shellac work; leatherware.

 

 

 

Cuisine

Typical dishes include Dal Baati Churma, Missi Roti. Sweet dishes include Ghevar, Feeni, Gajak, Chauguni ke laddu, Moong Thal.

 

 

 

 

 

Gallery

  • Vishnu Narayan Temple Jaipur

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  • Hawa Mahal, Jaipur India

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  • Downtown Jaipur, India

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  • The Ganesh Pol of Amber fort. Amber is now part of Jaipur Municipal Corporation.

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  • Ancient observatory

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  • Jaipur View From Nahargarh Fort.

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  • Jawahar Kala Kendra, designed by Charles Correa, in Jaipur, Rajasthan

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  • Jaipur Metro Trial Run

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  • One of the many gated entries to Jaipur

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  • Jaipur Kishangarh Express Way

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  • Jaipur bus service

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  • Jaipurian Langurs

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SOURCE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jaipur

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