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About Gurgaon

Gurgaon

 

 

 

 

Gurgaon
Nickname(s): Millenium City
Gurgaon is located in India


 

 

 

 

History


Gurgaon was historically inhabited by the Hindu people and in early times, it formed a part of an extensive kingdom ruled over by Rajputs of Yaduvansi or Jadaun tribe. The Rajputs were defeated by Muhammad of Ghor in 1196, but for two centuries they sturdily resisted the Muhammadian domination and they were subjected to punitive expedition. Under the rule of Feroz Shah Tughlaq, several were converted to Islam. This was followed by the invasion of Timur and the land was ruled by Khanzadas. It was then annexed by Babur.[6] During Akbar's reign, Gurgaon fell within the governing regions of Delhi and Agra. As the Mughal Empire started to decline, the place was torn between contending powers. By 1803 most of it came under theBritish rule through the treaty of Surji Arjungaon with Sindhia. The town was first occupied by the cavalry unit posted to watch the army of Begum Samru of Sirdhana. It became a part of the district, which was divided into units called parganas. These units were given to petty chiefs for the military service rendered by them. The units were governed by the rules that British kept on changing and eventually these units came under direct control of the British, with the last major change in 1836. Nothing much changed in Gurgaon until the Revolt of 1857. In 1858, it was transferred from the North-Western Provinces to Punjab Province. In 1861, the district, of which Gurgaon was a part of, was rearranged into five tehsils Gurgaon, Ferozepur Jhirka, Nuh, Palwal and Rewari[7] and the modern day city came under the control of Gurgaon teshil. In 1947, Gurgaon became a part of independent India and fell under the Indian stateof Punjab. In 1966, the city came under the administration of Haryana with the creation of the new state.

 

 

 

 

 

Skyline of Gurgaon at night

 

 

 

 

 

Parks


Gurgaon has a complex park system, with various lands operated by the Haryana Urban Development Authority. The key parks are

However, most of the parks in Gurgaon are small and ill-maintained.

 

 

 

Culture


Historically occupied by distinct ethnic groups and traditionally engaged in farming, Gurgaon has seen a 360 degrees change of culture over the years. The city now has significant migrant population from almost all parts of India, who come to work in the city and are employed in all sectors from construction to Information technology across all profiles. The city also has a few international workers who mainly stay on work visa and usually work at significant positions. The melting pot of ethnicities have enriched the local culture, adding a variety to arts, music, cuisine and festivals. A major change happened due to the proximity of the city to Delhi, where the industry and housing projects found a cheaper alternative. Gurgaon does not have any significant LGBT culture.

 

 


Entertainment and performing arts

 


Gurgaon is home to a few arts venues, both existing and proposed. Notable venues in the city include Epicentre in Sector 44, Nautanki Mehal at the Kingdom of Dreams near IFFCO Chowk and Shiamak Davar's Institute for the Performing Arts. However, the local community prefers to watch a movie at a multiplex cinema or visit a shopping mall than attending a performing arts event, an opera or a musical. Raj Yadav, a famous Bollywood actor, was born in Gurgaon.

 

 


Cuisine


The city's food culture includes a variety of cuisines with regional specialities. A large number of restaurants serve a range of items including traditional north Indian recipes, including dal makhanishahi paneer, butter chicken and kebabSamosagolgappadahi bhallaaloo tikki, breadpakorapav bhaji and fruit chaat are cheap fast-selling items here, that are sold by both unlicensed and licensed mobile food vendors, though the hygiene of the food is sometimes questionable. Burgers have managed to creep in as a cheap street fare, but those are very different from an American burger. Popular food eaten for breakfast includes aloo paratha and chole bhature. Wheat, in the form of roti, and rice form an essential part of the food intake. A large portion of the local population is vegetarian. Gurgaon has takers for Chinese food like chow mein, egg rolls, Nepalese dumplings - momos, and also South Indian dishes. The city also houses global food chains like McDonald's, KFC,Pizza Hut, Domino's Pizza, Subway, Starbucks and Costa Coffee but these restaurants are usually frequented only by people with significant disposable income. The city is also home to several fine dining restaurants and buffets. People typically buy fresh produce like vegetables, eggs, milk and meat from small unorganized retail vendors, including small shops and unlicensed mobile vendors, rather than from large stores like Walmart.

 

 


Languages and dialect


The main language spoken in Gurgaon is Hindi, though a segment of the population understands English. The dialect used in Hindi is similar to that of Delhi, and is considered neutral, though the regional influences from the states of Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Punjab adds an accent to the language. However, English is spoken with a thick accent. Since Gurgaon has a large number of international call centres, the employees are usually given formal training for accent reduction. Haryanvi and Punjabi are another popular languages spoken in the city. The other regional languages include Mewati and Braj Bhasha.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SOURCE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gurgaon


 

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