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Yak and Yeti Travels & Expedition 31 A National Highway Gangtok SK 737101
9933008822
KFC A 02/03, City Centre Mall, Matigara, Ambuja Reality, Uttorayon, Siliguri, WB 734010, India
+91 353 257 1120
Military Hospital Gangtok, Sikkim 737102, India
Tripti's mg marg near oberoi building, Nam Nang Rd, Gangtok, Sikkim 737102, India
First Flight Courier Service Gangtok, Sikkim 737101, India
Inox Block-E, National Highway 31, Uttorayon, Siliguri, West Bengal, India
+91 353 257 1299
Sikkim Hotel - Primula Lodge Church Rd, Gangtok, Sikkim 737101, India
+91 95 93 887797
MIMANI ENTERPRISE MG Marg, New Market, Gangtok, SK 737101, India
+91 3592 202 136
Rink Mall and Multiplex Darjeeling, West Bengal, India
BSNL Telephone Exchange Telephone exchange building , Deorali, Mainline Taxi Stand Rd, Gangtok, Sikkim 737102, India
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akk cruiser Reviewed by: Flying Venus Travels can't even give a single star. Worst travel agency. The owner Mr. Amit thinks himself as Ambani. No communication at all. Booked a 9 day trip, it was supposed to be fun for guests, but due to their w
Kings Travels Reviewed by: Akash Agarwal Very good service in car hire Darjeeling, Gnagtok tour. Totally satisfied. Akash

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About Gangtok

Gangtok

 

 

 

capital
A view of Gangtok from nearby Ganesh Tok point
A view of Gangtok from nearby Ganesh Tok point
Locationgangtok.png


 

 

 

 

History

Like the rest of Sikkim, not much is known about the early history of Gangtok. The earliest records date from the construction of thehermitic Gangtok monastery in 1716. Gangtok remained a small hamlet until the construction of the Enchey Monastery in 1840 made it a pilgrimage center. It became the capital of what was left of Sikkim after an English conquest in the mid 19th century in response to a hostage crisis. After the defeat of the Tibetans by the British, Gangtok became a major stopover in the trade between Tibet and British India at the end of the 19th century. Most of the roads and the telegraph in the area were built during this time.

In 1894, Thutob Namgyal, the Sikkimese monarch under British rule, shifted the capital from Tumlong to Gangtok, increasing the city's importance. A new grand palace along with other state buildings was built in the new capital. Following India's independence in 1947, Sikkim became a nation-state with Gangtok as its capital. Sikkim came under the suzerainty of India, with the condition that it would retain its independence, by the treaty signed between the Chogyal and the then Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. This pact gave the Indians control of external affairs on behalf of Sikkimese. Trade between India and Tibet continued to flourish through the Nathula andJelepla passes, offshoots of the ancient Silk Road near Gangtok. These border passes were sealed after the Sino-Indian War in 1962, which deprived Gangtok of its trading business. The Nathula pass was finally opened for limited trade in 2006, fuelling hopes of economic boom.

In 1975, after years of political uncertainty and struggle, including riots, the monarchy was abrogated and Sikkim became India's twenty-second state, with Gangtok as its capital after a referendum. Gangtok has witnessed annual landslides, resulting in loss of life and damage to property. The largest disaster occurred in June 1997, when 38 were killed and hundreds of buildings were destroyed.

 

 

 

 

Culture


 
The Namgyal Institute of TibetologyMuseum displays rare Lepchatapestries, masks and Buddhiststatues.

Apart from the major religious festivals of Dashain, Tihar, Christmas, Holi etc., the diverse ethnic populace of the town celebrates several local festivals. The Lepchas and Bhutias celebrate new year in January, while Tibetans celebrate the new year (Losar) with "Devil Dance" in January–February. The Maghe sankrantiRam Navami are some of the important Nepalese festivals. Chotrul DuchenBuddha Jayanti, the birthday of theDalai Lama, Loosong, Bhumchu, Saga Dawa, Lhabab Duechen and Drupka Teshi are some other festivals, some distinct to local culture and others shared with the rest of India, Nepal, Bhutan and Tibet.

 
Rumtek Monastery, located on the outskirts of Gangtokone, is one ofBuddhism's holiest monasteries.

A popular food in Gangtok is the momo, a steamed dumpling containing pork, beef and vegetables cooked in a doughy wrapping and served with watery soup. Wai-Wai is a packaged snack consisting of noodles which are eaten either dry or in soup form. A form of noodle called thukpa,served in soup form is also popular in Gangtok. Other noodle-based foods such as the chowmein, thenthuk, fakthu, gyathuk and wonton are available. Other traditional Sikkimese cuisine include shah-phaley (Sikkimese patties with spiced minced meat in a crisp samosa-like case) andGack-ko soup. Restaurants offer a wide variety of traditional Indian, continental and Chinese cuisines to cater to the tourists. Churpee, a kind of hard cheese made from cow's or yak's milk is sometimes chewed. Chhang is a local frothy millet beer traditionally served in bamboo tankards and drunk through bamboo or cane straws. Alcohol is cheap due to low excise duty in Sikkim. Beer, whiskey, rum and brandy are frequently consumed by both locals and non-locals.

Residents of Sikkim are music lovers and it is common to hear Western rock music being played in homes and restaurants. Hindi pop songs are also common. Indigenous Nepali rock, music suffused with a western rock beat and Nepali lyrics, is particularly popular.

Football (soccer), cricket and archery are the most popular sports in Gangtok. The Paljor Stadium, which hosts football matches, is the sole sporting ground in the city. Thangka—a notable handicraft—is an elaborately hand painted religious scroll in brilliant colours drawn on fabric hung in a monastery or a family altar and occasionally carried by monks in ceremonial processions. Chhaams are vividly costumed monastic dances performed on ceremonial and festive occasions, especially in the monasteries during the Tibetan new year.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SOURCE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gangtok


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