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About Erode

Erode

City
River Kaveri at Erode.
River Kaveri at Erode.
Nickname(s): Turmeric City, Textile City, Loom-City
Erode is located in Tamil Nadu

 

 

 

 

History

The present day Erode region was a larger part of Coimbatore district and formed part of the ancient Kongu country known as "Kongu Nadu", whose history dates back to the Sangam period. After the Sangam age, most of present day Tamil Nadu, including Erode, came under the rule of the Kalabhras dynasty, which was ousted by the Pandyas around 590 CE. It is also believed that the area was occupied by tribes, the most prominent being the Kosars whose capital was 'Kosamputhur' (modern day Coimbatore). These tribes were overpowered by the Rashtrakutas and who were subsequently won over by the Cholas. The city remained under the control of the Cholas until the early 13th century, when the second Pandyan empire was established with Madurai as its capital. After the death of Kulasekara Pandian (1268–1308 CE), Erode came under the rule of the Delhi Sultanate. The Erode Sultanate then seceded from Delhi and functioned as an independent kingdom until its gradual annexation by the Vijayanagar Empire in 1378 CE. Erode became independent from Vijayanagar in 1559 CE under the Madurai Nayaks. Nayak rule ended in 1736 CE and Erode was repeatedly captured several times by Mysore rulers from whom Hyder Ali took over the area. Consequent to the fall of Tipu Sultan (the son of Hyder Ali) of Mysore in 1799, the Kongu region came under the direct control of the East India Company who restored the power to the Maharaja of Mysore. It remained under British rule until India got independence in 1947..

 

 

 

 

Culture

The city is built around a demolished fort, which includes a temple for Arudra Kabaleeswar (Shiva) praising the Saiva concept and another for Kasthuri Ranganatha Perumal (Vishnu) praising the Vaishnava concept of Hinduism. Thindal Murugan Temple, situated 6 km (3.7 mi) from the city is the most prominent temple in the city. Periya Mariamman Temple, Natadreeswarar Temple, the hillock temple is situated in the centre of the Kaveri river between Kudagu (origin) and Poompuhar, Sangameswarar Temple, CSI Brough Church, Thowheeth mosque, Ravlathul Janna mosque, Bazaar Mosque and Jamia Pallivasal are some of the prominent religious destinations in the city. E.V.R Corporation Museum and Thanthai Periyar Memorial House, a Sociological Museum, which depicts the life history of Periyar E. V. Ramasamy are the prominent museums in the city. Jain Temples at Erode, Vijayapuri and Aval Poondurai, Sankagiri Fort and Vellode Birds Sanctuary are other visitor attractions around the city.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SOURCE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erode

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