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Data Warehousing Training

Posted last June 7, 2017, 1:35 pm in News report article

A Database  warehouse may be a centralized repository that stores data from multiple data sources and transforms them into a standard, three-dimensional information model for economical querying and analysis. The  information keep within the warehouse is uploaded from the operational systems (such as selling or sales). The information  might experience associate degree operational information store and will need information cleansing for extra operations to make sure data quality before it's utilized in the DW or DWH (DATAWARE HOUSE ) for coverage.

A data warehouse may be a subject-oriented, integrated, time-variant and non-volatile assortment of information in support of management's method process.


Subject-Oriented: A Data  warehouse are often accustomed analyze a specific branch of information . for instance, "sales" are often a specific subject


Integrated:  Datawarehouse integrates information from multiple data sources. for instance, supply A and supply B might have other ways of distinguishing a product, however in a datawarehouse, there'll be solely one means of distinguishing a product.


Time-Variant: Historical data is unbroken during a datawarehouse,for instance, one will retrieve information from three months, 6 months, 12 months, or perhaps older information from a knowledge warehouse. This contrasts with a transactions system, wherever usually solely the foremost recent information is unbroken. for instance, a dealing system might hold the foremost recent address of a client, wherever a knowledge warehouse will hold all addresses related to a client.

Non-volatile: Once data is within the datawarehouse, it'll not amendment. So, historical data in a datawarehouse is not to  be altered.


Different information reposition systems have totally different structures. Some might have associate degree ODS (operational data store), whereas some might have multiple data  marts. Some might have small  variety of data sources, whereas some might have dozens of data sources, in sight of this, it's way more affordable to present  the various layers of a datawarehouse design instead of discussing the specifics of anyone system.
In general, all datawarehouse systems have the subsequent layers:
Data supply Layer
Data Extraction Layer
Staging Area
• ETL Layer
Data Storage Layer
Data Logic Layer
Data Presentation Layer
Metadata Layer
• System Operations Layer

Data supply Layer:This represents the various data sources that feed information into the datawarehouse. The information  supply are often of any format -- plain computer file, on-line database, alternative kinds of info, Excel file, etc., will all act as a data supply.
Many different kinds of Data are often a data source:
• Operations -- like sales data, HR data, product data, inventory data, selling data, systems data.
Web server logs with user browsing data.
• Internal research data.
• Third-party data, like census data, demographics data, or survey data.
All these data sources form  the Data supply Layer.

Data Extraction Layer:Data gets force from the data supply into the datawarehouse system, there's probably some tokenish data cleansing, however there's unlikely any major data transformation.

Staging Area :This is wherever data sits before being clean and remodeled into datawarehouse / data outlet. Having one common space makes it easier for consequent processing / integration.

 
ETL Layer : this can be wherever data gains its "intelligence", as logic is applied to rework the data from a transactional nature to associate degree analytical nature. This layer is additionally wherever data cleansing happens. The ETL style part is usually the foremost long innovate a knowledge reposition project, associate degreed an ETL tool is usually utilized in this layer.

Data Storage Layer :This is wherever the remodeled and clean data  sit. supported scope and practicality, three kinds of entities are often found here: datawarehouse, data mart, and operational data  store (ODS). In any given system, you will have only one of the 3, 2 of the 3, or all 3 sorts.

Data Logic Layer:This is wherever business rules are kept. Business rules kept here don't have an effect on the underlying information transformation rules, however do have an effect on what the report appears like.
Metadata Layer :This is wherever data regarding the information  is kept within the data warehouse system . A logical information model would be associate degree example of one thing that is within the data layer. A metadata tool is usually accustomed  to manage the metadata.

 
System Operations Layer :This layer includes the information  on how the data warehouse system operates, like ETL job standing, system performance, and user access history.


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Hope this aticle was useful ,